The term mobile health or mHealth, describes the use of mobile telecommunication and multimedia technologies as they are integrated within increasingly mobile and wireless health care delivery systems (Istepanian and Lacal 2003). It can be defined as “mobile computing, medical sensor, and communications technologies for health care” (Istepanian 2004). With the increasing uptake of mobile phones throughout the world, definitions are being broadened to include the maximized use of mobile phones and other mobile technologies to enhance access to health services and information and their use as tools to improve the delivery of health-related services for the general public and among health professionals. mHealth can be used to describe informal and formal health-related uses of voice and text functions of basic mobile phone handsets or more sophisticated algorithms-based decision-support and data collection tools accessible through SmartPhones.
To maximize the benefits of existing trends, CGHED has created mHealth@MVP, a program that seeks to use mobile telephones and technologies within the Millennium Villages Project. mHealth@MVP seeks to accelerate the achievement of the health-related Millennium Development Goals – namely goals 4, 5, and 6 -- which aim to reduce maternal/child mortality and morbidity, and control the spread of preventable disease like HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and TB among others. To this end the mHealth Program at the Center for Global Health and Economic Development leverages mobile technologies to:
CGHED works in collaboration with Ericsson, Sony Ericsson, MTN, Zain, mHealth Alliance, Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development, Open Mobile Consortium, and World Health Organization and others to reach these objectives.